Canadian Atlantic sea cucumber (Cucumaria frondosa) officially began commercial fishing in 1998. The first fishing area locates at the eastern coast of Nova Scotia. The original commercial value of the species was derived from its hypertrophic gluten which was later widely used as Chinese food ingredients. Since 2005, with the continuous decline in the quality of China’s sea cucumber breeding environment, Canada’s wild and pollution-free sea cucumbers have begun to enter the list of health care product. Today, Atlantic sea cucumber has been accepted by the majority of those with intention of health care.
Atlantic sea cucumber grows wildly and is subjected to trawl fishing. The cost of breeding is zero and the labor cost is low. The economical fishing of Atlantic sea cucumber is under the strict supervision of the Canadian government and its economic benefit is significant. Since the mid-1990s, the annual catch of Atlantic sea cucumber has increased significantly to 3,500 tons.